What is mental illness? Why is it easy to get mental illness?

Mental illness is a particular form of psychological or behavioral disorder in which a person often loses the ability to behave and develop normally, becomes distressed, and affects problems in daily life and social relationships. festival.

1. What is mental illness?

Mental illness is a disease caused by brain dysfunction causing abnormal changes in speech, behavior, emotions, behavior, ideas... Typical mental illnesses include: Anxiety disorders , depression , schizophrenia , addictive behavior and eating disorders .
Mental health is referred to as mental illness when the signs and symptoms of illness are frequently stressful and affect daily life. Mental illness can be distressing and cause problems in everyday life such as work or social relationships. In most cases, symptoms of mental illness can be effectively treated with a combination of medication and psychological counseling.
Bệnh tâm thần có thể được điều trị bằng thuốc và tư vấn tâm lý

2. Causes of mental illness

The cause of mental illness is still unknown. A variety of genetic and environmental factors are thought to be responsible, including:
Genetics: Families with a history of mental illness are at higher risk. Biological factors: External trauma can lead to mental illness such as: traumatic brain injury, exposure to toxic substances, viruses, ... while in the womb. Brain biochemistry disorders: Changes that occur in the brain affect mood as well as other aspects of mental health. These neurotransmitters play an important role in some psychiatric patients. Hormonal imbalances can also affect mental health. Life: When life has difficulties such as failure at work, study, ... will make psychological stress last and increase the risk of mental illness. In addition, it is possible that education from the family will lead to distorted and unhealthy thinking such as a history of sexual abuse, physical abuse, low self-esteem, etc.
Những áp lực trong công việc và cuộc sống kéo dài làm tăng nguy cơ bị tâm thần

3. Symptoms of mental illness

Mental illness symptoms can affect feelings, thoughts and behaviour. Mental health disorder symptoms presented as physical illness include:
Fatigue Back, chest pain Digestive disorders Dry mouth Headache, dizziness Weight change: increase or decrease Heart beat In addition, the patient also understands through behaviors such as:
Abnormalities in thoughts, feelings, behaviors Feeling bored Always feeling scared, worried Confusion of thinking Avoiding friends and activities Meeting sleep problems Feeling hallucinated, detached from reality Inability to cope with everyday problems or stress Abuse of alcohol, drugs, sexual changes Change in eating habits Excessive anger , hostile or violent Having thoughts of suicide
Tự sát
Người mắc bệnh tâm thần thường có suy nghĩ muốn tự sát

4. Why is it easy to get mental illness?

Currently, more than 50% of psychiatric patients are caused by psychological causes such as: depressions, insomnia, anxiety disorders,... Genetic factors, life experiences, and other factors Both biological factors can influence the brain biochemistry involved in mental illness, making people more susceptible to mental illness. One of the reasons that make people susceptible to mental illness is:
4.1. Pressure of work and study The current pace of life always requires people to always strive and hone skills such as foreign languages, information technology, ... to be able to quickly update knowledge and skills. new ability. Therefore, working hours will increase leading to erratic lifestyle, along with pressure, worry about being fired, bankrupt, ... will lead to stress and mental health.
For students, studying pressure also causes children to quickly fall into behavioral disorders, depression, and anxiety. The increased study time, studying at school, taking extra lessons, self-studying at home, ... makes children have no time to rest, explore and discover the world around them, not be able to socialize, live life. confined living. From there, learning will become an obsession, fear of going to school and the appearance of behavioral disorders and affecting the mental health of children.
4.2. Fluctuations in life Life fluctuations such as emotional breakdown, business failure, family members, friends' sudden death,... it takes human courage to overcome these challenges. the difficulties in life. However, some people are weak, dependent,... they can't get over it, prolonged stress will make them more susceptible to mental disorders.
Tâm thần phân liệt
Stress kéo dài là nguyên nhân chính dẫn đến các rối loạn tâm thần của người bệnh

4.3. Family Differences Family structure in modern times seems to have changed. The way of thinking and lifestyle of the previous generation is very different from that of the younger generation. However, adults often have the habit of imposing their thoughts on their children and grandchildren. Therefore, it will lead to conflicts and if not resolved, both sides will have prolonged tension. At this time, stress and depression can appear.
4.4. Postpartum women The rate of depression in women is twice as high as that of men, especially depression in postpartum women. After giving birth, women often change hormones, hormones, so their personalities also change. Moreover, women nowadays, in addition to being mothers and wives, also shoulder the social work responsibilities like men, along with the increased pressure of family responsibilities and child rearing. Therefore, they are very susceptible to postpartum depression and mental illness if their husbands do not share the housework.
In short, mental illness is a form of psychological or behavioral difference, which deprives the patient of the ability to behave and develop normally. Currently, the developed society increases the pressure of work, study, polluted environment, ... making people easily fall into a state of stress. Prolonged stress can lead to mental illness. Therefore, people need to rebalance their lives in order to be able to harmonize with modern life. When stress is too much, or there are behavioral and emotional disturbances, etc., it is necessary to quickly go to the doctor for effective advice and intervention.

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