Beware of corneal tear/slough
1. Corneal tear
1.2. Causes and treatment
For blunt trauma causing damage to the eye and parts around the eye such as: hematoma, eyelid bruise, eye socket, bleeding in the eye: conjunctival hemorrhage, anterior chamber hemorrhage, crystalluria , Retinal...; damage to the eye's organs such as: vitreous body, retina, optic nerve...; need to be treated properly by using an eye mask and then going to the nearest ophthalmology facility for examination and treatment.
In case of penetrating trauma, this can be seen as the cause of corneal tear and heavy bleeding. So the first thing to stop bleeding immediately, can use common antibiotic eye drops such as chloramphenicol. Apply antibiotic pomade and bandage the eye, then immediately go to an ophthalmology facility for stitches and treatment of corneal tears.
Usually a corneal tear after stitches heals in about a month. However, the cornea can then stabilize and heal, but it is also possible that keratitis recurs or progresses to corneal dystrophy, causing severe vision loss. Therefore, patients need to continue to monitor treatment to promptly handle possible complications.
2. Corneal detachment
2.2. Causes and treatment
When foreign objects such as dust, sand particles stay on the eyelids for a long time, it can cause scratches on the cornea when you blink. Cigarette smoke, wearing contact lenses for a long time, rubbing the eyes, or prolonged dry eyes can cause corneal detachment.
Before choosing a treatment method, the patient should immediately go to a medical facility for advice. The doctor will diagnose by observing the eyes using special specialized instruments. You may need to use eye drops containing a biological dye, which helps the doctor see the damage to the cornea more easily and accurately.
When determining the eye damage and type of foreign body causing corneal detachment, the ophthalmologist can recommend appropriate treatment and treatment. Usually, the doctor will give the patient non-antibiotic steroid or anti-inflammatory eye drops or ointment to reduce swelling and inflammation and prevent scarring of the cornea.
Patients may be prescribed oral medication to relieve pain and reduce irritation. In case of a deep puncture in the eye, surgery may be required.
For young children, care should be taken, choosing toys suitable for the child's age. Avoid toys with sharp objects such as archery and darts, or dangerous toys such as fake shotguns.
For adults, it is necessary to have a sense of accident prevention, avoid rubbing your eyes too hard to prevent corneal detachment for everyone, especially workers.
When in contact with chemicals such as spraying pesticides, working with chemicals, welders, lathes, ... need to wear protective eyewear for workers, strictly comply with labor safety regulations.
After the treatment of corneal detachment, the patient should follow the doctor's instructions and follow up with the appointment or when there are abnormalities in the eyes: eye pain, decreased vision, more red eyes need to notify the doctor.
Patients need to eat enough substances to help improve health, supplement vitamins A, C and E to heal wounds; Eat foods that are easy to digest, fruits to avoid constipation leading to increased pressure in the injured eye when defecating.
3. Treatment of corneal tear / detachment at Vinmec
With a team of leading experts and modern equipment, Vinmec Times is currently implementing corneal transplantation in complex corneal diseases.
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