What to know about albumin infusion in nephrotic syndrome
1. The role of albumin in the body
2. How is albumin related to nephrotic syndrome?
Patients with nephrotic syndrome will urinate protein, in other words albumin in the urine. The amount of protein lost too quickly makes the body not able to produce more new protein to respond, leading to a decrease in protein in the blood. When albumin is lost, the colloidal osmotic pressure no longer causes water to spill out of the blood vessel lumen. Effusion occurs in many areas of the body, such as around the eyes, face, lower extremities, or scrotum. The most obvious manifestation of this negative process is generalized edema.
3. What is the effect of albumin infusion?
The medical staff will use a small plastic tube to thread into the patient's vein. The albumin is then slowly infused into the bloodstream through the newly created line. The most obvious effect of this method of infusion is to restore the amount of albumin lost through the urine, to overcome the symptoms of proteinuria in people with nephrotic syndrome, which is specifically to reduce edema.
However, before prescribing albumin infusion in nephrotic syndrome, the doctor will ask the patient to perform blood and urine tests to accurately diagnose the current condition. Cases where albumin should be administered to treat edema include:
Test results show that there is less than 10g of albumin per 1 liter of blood There is hypovolemia due to kidney failure Patient is resistant to diuretics to treat edema Children Congenital nephrotic syndrome (requiring frequent albumin infusion) Possible complications after albumin infusion to treat edema are fluid overload, risk of heart failure or acute pulmonary edema.
4. Some Notes
Ask the patient to add protein in the diet, about 300 grams of lean meat a day. steroids (prednisone, prednisolone) Diuretics to treat edema
Nephrotic syndrome is a rather complicated disease. In addition, the indications for albumin infusion in nephrotic syndrome also require careful examination and examination by doctors. When conducting albumin infusion to treat edema, patients need to be closely monitored by medical staff to avoid serious complications and have timely risk management, if any.
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