What to eat with nephrotic syndrome?
Patients with nephrotic syndrome can be treated with corticosteroid therapy and immunosuppressive drugs, but in the process of combining rest, nutritional therapy is very necessary. So what kind of diet is suitable for people with nephrotic syndrome?
1. What is nephrotic syndrome?
Nephrotic syndrome is a common manifestation of primary glomerular disease, lasting many years with exacerbations, alternating periods of remission. This is a clinical and biochemical syndrome appearing in many diseases caused by damage to the glomeruli, characterized by the following signs:
Edema High proteinuria Decreased blood protein
2. What should kidney damage eat?
2.1 Principles of building a diet Must compensate for protein for the body and make up for the loss in urine daily but not too much because protein overload will lead to glomerular fibrosis and rapid kidney failure Must lower cholesterol blood . It is best to use lean fish meat, shrimp, beans, omit foods high in cholesterol such as: brain, heart, butter, fat, eggs... It is necessary to have many free radical-reducing factors such as vitamin C, Betacarotene, vitamins. E and Selenium. These substances are abundant in green vegetables, ripe papaya, carrots, bean sprouts. Salt water must be limited, which can be gradually increased when the edema is gone and blood pressure is not increased. 2.2 Specific menu for people with nephrotic syndrome Rich in protein, lots of vegetables, beans, low fat, low salt, less MSG, less water. Total calories must reach 1800-2000 Kcal/day. Protein: found in milk, meat, fish, shrimp, crab, beans, rice, noodles. The specific calculation method of daily protein requirement is as follows: 1g/kg body weight/day + amount lost in urine in 24 hours Powder - sugar: should be full for rice, noodles, tubers, added sugar, rice cakes Sweet enough for calories. Fat: need to eat less. Use fish oil, soybean oil, remove fat, butter, brain, intestines, viscera because it contains a lot of cholesterol. Minerals, microelements, vitamins and water: supplement by eating more vegetables, beans and legumes. Patients with a lot of edema should reduce salt in the meal. Water intake is less than urine output. Reducing edema increases salt and water content. When urinating less, reduce vegetables and fruits to prevent hyperkalemia. 2.3 Sample menu for people with nephrotic syndrome