Ovarian cancer: Causes, signs, development stages
1. What is ovarian cancer?
Types of ovarian cancer include:
Carcinoma of the ovary is cancer cells that develop from cells on the surface of the ovary. This is the most common type Germ cell cancer is cancer that begins. from egg-producing cells, this type is less common than carcinoma. Ovarian cancer begins in the tissue cells that support the ovary. This type is also rare
2. Causes of ovarian cancer
Family history : People who are related by blood such as mothers, sisters, and younger sisters with ovarian cancer. Having a family history of breast cancer, colon cancer also increases the risk of ovarian cancer. Personal history: Women with a history of breast cancer and colon cancer have a higher risk of ovarian cancer Age: The likelihood of developing ovarian cancer increases with age, most appear in people over the age of 50 and increased in people over 60 years of age. Pregnancy and childbirth: Women who have been pregnant and have given birth have a lower risk than those who have never given birth. The more children you have, the lower the risk. Use of ovulation-stimulating drugs: May slightly increase the risk of ovarian cancer. However, it is still under research. Hormone replacement therapy: Hormone replacement therapy after menopause increases the risk. Talc powder: Women who use talcum powder a lot in the genitals have an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
3. Signs to recognize ovarian cancer
However, early signs of the disease can be seen. These include:
Discomfort, pain in the lower abdomen Digestive disorders such as nausea, diarrhea or constipation Frequent urination due to increased pressure on the bladder Poor appetite, feeling of fullness even after a snack Unexplained weight gain or loss. Irregular vaginal bleeding after menopause, irregular changes in the menstrual cycle. Pain during sex.
4. Stages of ovarian cancer development
4.1 Stage 1 This stage the tumor is confined to the ovary or fallopian tube and has not spread to other organs.
1A cancer is in only one ovary or fallopian tube 1B cancer has been in both ovary or fallopian tube but not further away. 1C means the cancer is still inside the ovary or fallopian tube and has broken through the surface of the ovary to reach the outside. 4.2 Stage 2 In this stage the cancer has begun to spread to the organs in the pelvis.
2A can spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes 2B is when it has grown into other nearby organs such as the colon, bladder, or rectum.
5. How dangerous is ovarian cancer
If the disease is detected later, the survival rate is lower. Specifically, if detected in stage 2, the 5-year survival rate is about 70%, stage 3 is about 39%. If detected at the late stage, the survival rate is very low, the tumor has metastasized far, the ability to treat is difficult and low efficiency.
The early detection and treatment of ovarian cancer brings efficiency and high survival chances for women. Do not be afraid to detect the disease because the earlier it is detected, the more effective the treatment. When there are any suspicious signs or in high-risk subjects, they should proactively go for early cancer screening.
At Vinmec International General Hospital, there is a package for screening and early detection of gynecological cancer. When registering the service package, the customer is tested for gynecological function; Performing necessary tests helps to detect cervical cancer and ovarian cancer early even when there are no symptoms.
When registering for the Gynecological Cancer Screening and Early Detection Package, customers will receive:
Examination and consultation with a specialist in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Cervical cancer screening by tests such as cytology by Liqui Prep method, automated system HPV genotype PCR test, transvaginal ultrasound test of uterus and ovaries.
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