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What is blood in the urine in men?


Many possible causes of hematuria in men with different prognosis and treatment. So what is hematuria in men and how is it treated? Continue reading the following article will help you get the answer.

1. Causes of bloody urine in men


1.1. Urinary tract infections Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria enter the urethra, which is a common cause of blood in the urine in men.
In addition to blood in the urine, other symptoms of a urinary tract infection include:
A feeling of constant urge to urinate; Pain or burning in the urethra; Cloudy urine with an unpleasant odor. Rarely, urinary tract infections can affect the kidneys. However, if this is the case, the infection tends to be more serious and it can cause symptoms such as:
Pain in the lower back, sides and pelvis; Nausea, vomiting; Fever and chills. 1.2. Kidney stones and bladder stones Usually, small kidney stones can follow the urine stream to the bladder and then pass out when the patient urinates. However, with larger stones can get stuck in the kidney, bladder or elsewhere in the urinary tract causing symptoms such as:
Blood in the urine; Pain in the lower back and sides; Nausea or vomiting; Sometimes accompanied by fever and chills; The urine is cloudy or has an unpleasant odor. 1.3. Due to Over Exercising Post-Exercise Hematuria is blood in the urine that occurs after you exercise with intensity. If you don't properly rehydrate during exercise, your risk of hematuria increases. A 2014 study investigated the occurrence of exercise-induced hematuria in 491 healthy adults.
The results show that 12% of these people develop hematuria after running 5km with a time limit. This number drops to just 1.3% when the participants complete this stretch with no time limit. This suggests that blood in the urine during exercise only occurs due to the intensity of the exertion over a period of time.
However, this is not a cause for concern, it usually resolves on its own within 3 days. If any blood in the urine lasts more than 2 weeks, you should see a doctor for timely treatment.
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1.4. The prostate gland is about 10-20 grams in size, found only in men, it is located close to the bladder muscle surrounding the urethra connecting the bladder neck. optical. The main function of the prostate gland is to produce fluid to participate in the male reproductive process, in addition, this gland also keeps toxins, bacteria, and chemicals from entering the urinary tract.
An enlarged prostate can cause pressure on the urethra, making it difficult for you to urinate. The bladder can compensate by contracting more to release urine. This condition can lead to damage to the urinary tract and cause bleeding. Prostate enlargement affects about 50% of men aged 51-60 and 90% of those over 80 years of age. Symptoms of prostate enlargement include:
Urinating many times a day, especially at night, causing insomnia, sudden urge to urinate, difficulty holding back urine for more than a few minutes; Difficulty urinating, having to push, intermittently, weak rays and after urinating, there are still a few drops of urine leaking out to wet the pants; After urinating, you feel uncomfortable, you still feel like you haven't finished urinating; The interval between 2 urinations is getting shorter and shorter; Urinary retention is a sudden inability to urinate despite pushing hard, causing discomfort in the lower abdomen and requiring immediate hospitalization; Blood in urine. 1.5. Catheterization In some cases, the cause of blood in the urine in men can be due to trauma, surgery or disease. In these cases, a urinary catheter is placed in the bladder to help the urine flow out. During the catheterization process, it is possible to damage the urethra and lead to hematuria.
Usually, the catheter will be left in the bladder for a few days or weeks, until you are able to urinate normally on your own. Catheters can introduce bacteria into the urethra, leading to catheter-related urinary tract infections.
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Phì đại tiền liệt tuyến là nguyên nhân đi tiểu ra máu ở nam giới

1.6. Kidney damage Glomeruli are small structures in the kidneys that help filter and clean the blood. For patients with glomerulonephritis, it means that the kidneys are damaged and cannot remove waste from the body. If not treated promptly, glomerulonephritis can lead to kidney failure.
Acute glomerulonephritis usually comes on suddenly and can cause the following symptoms:
Swelling of the face in the morning; Blood in the urine; Decreased urine output; Shortness of breath ; Cough; High Blood Pressure . Chronic glomerulonephritis usually develops slowly. During the early years of the disease, some patients experience no symptoms. Then, when the glomerulus is damaged a lot, there will be symptoms:
Blood in urine; Protein in the urine; Facial or ankle swelling; Frequent urination at night; Effervescent urine. 1.7. Some drugs can cause hematuria, including:
Anticoagulants : These drugs help prevent blood clots, but some drugs such as Warfarin and Aspirin can cause hematuria in men. can cause blood in the urine. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Long-term use of these drugs can damage the kidneys and cause blood to appear in the urine. Cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide: These are chemotherapy drugs that can cause hemorrhagic cystitis, with symptoms such as blood in the urine, bladder pain, and irritation of the urinary system. Senna: Long-term use of this laxative may lead to hematuria. 1.8. Prostate cancer Prostate cancer, if diagnosed and treated early, is often curable. However, in the early stages of the disease symptoms are often minimal, so it is important to have regular screening tests.
Symptoms of prostate cancer can be similar to those of an enlarged prostate. Other symptoms of prostate cancer include:
Dull pain in the pelvis; Pain in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs; Pain during ejaculation; Blood in semen; Loss of appetite; Unexplained weight loss; Bone pain.
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Cách chữa đi tiểu ra máu ở nam giới sẽ phụ thuộc vào nguyên nhân gây ra tình trạng này

1.9. Bladder cancer Sudden unexplained weight loss along with a change in urine color and urination habits could be a sign of bladder cancer. In the early stages of bladder cancer, there may be very few symptoms. The earliest sign is usually blood in the urine.
Some patients may notice urine discoloration. For other patients, streaks of blood can only be detected during a urinalysis. Other symptoms of bladder cancer that may appear in the early stages include:
Frequent urination especially at night; Difficulty urinating, weak urine stream; Pain or burning when urinating. Symptoms of bladder cancer as it gets worse include:
Urinary retention; Lower back pain on one side; Leg edema; Anorexia; Unexplained weight loss; Bone pain.

2. How to cure bloody urine in men


Treatments for blood in the urine in men will depend on the cause of the condition. Treatments for these causes may include:
Antibiotic treatment for the infection; Surgical removal of kidney stones; Using muscle relaxants, hormone inhibitors, or surgery to treat prostate problems; Medicines to treat or filter the blood for glomerulonephritis; Surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy to treat cancer or benign tumors. Although blood in the urine in men may not be a sign of serious illness, it is nevertheless advisable to consult a doctor. A urine test will help your doctor confirm the presence of blood. Your doctor may need to do some more tests to be able to determine what's causing the condition.

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