What is 3rd degree anaphylaxis?
1. Early symptoms of anaphylaxis
Early signs of mild degree often first appear in the skin such as erythema, itching, hives, ... or appear in many other organs such as dizziness, runny nose, feeling of stuffy nose, difficulty breathing , palpitations, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea.
In some undetermined cases of allergen exposure, risk of anaphylaxis may be considered in the presence of unexplained hypotension or 2 early signs of anaphylaxis listed above .
Symptoms can progress very rapidly to severe anaphylaxis within minutes or even seconds of exposure, so it is important to get the patient or the nearest medical facility immediately.
2. What is 3rd degree anaphylaxis?
Circulatory: Shock, low blood pressure, pulse is usually fast, small, difficult to catch. Hissing sound in the larynx or laryngeal edema. Cyanosis, rapid breathing, wheezing or irregular breathing. Disturbance of consciousness in the form of arousal, struggle, convulsions, the most severe is coma. Circular muscle disorder manifests as defecation, urinary incontinence. Signs of severe anaphylaxis may occur simultaneously or alone within a very short time after the body is exposed to the allergen. For example, cyanosis with stridor and wheezing occurs without cognitive impairment.
3. Distinguishing degree 3 . anaphylaxis
In addition, the above manifestations may be hidden or appear unclear in patients lying in a coma, or total paralysis,... These special cases require a smooth coordination between people. patient's home and medical staff for early recognition and treatment.
4. Common causes
Intravenous injection too fast, high concentration or not diluted before injection are also the reasons for severe anaphylaxis.
Some drugs often cause anaphylaxis such as antibiotics, vaccines, anesthetics, iodinated contrast agents used in diagnostic imaging,...
4.2. Insect venom
4.4. Other causes
In a small number of cases without a specific cause, the assessment of the risk of anaphylaxis is usually based on clinical symptoms.
5. Prevention of 3 degree anaphylaxis
Identify possible allergies can be acquired by visiting medical facilities and doing tests such as skin prick test or serum allergy test. Allergens should be avoided such as: Food: Check food labels and ingredients before eating. Let the staff at the eatery know you are allergic to certain ingredients in the meal so that the chef can remove them. Insect venom: Move carefully away from the insects, avoid panic, flailing arms and legs at them. Use insect repellent in your area, especially in the summer. Avoid touching bushes and grass with bare hands and feet. Medicines: Remember the anaphylaxis drugs used to remind and provide to medical staff. Allergen information can be compiled into a small memo pad and you should always carry it with you by wearing a bracelet or around your neck. Carry adrenaline medication and syringe with you for initial self-management before being admitted to the hospital. You can ask your treating doctor to prescribe adrenaline injections and instructions on how to use the syringe and dosage if there is a risk or history of anaphylaxis.
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